Since Israel has been experiencing sharav conditions recently I thought the following might be of interest to readers.
In the lands the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea the period from early–May to mid–June is a transitional season from the wet winter months to the dry summer ones. At times the wind blows in from the desert (from the east), and not from the Mediterranean Sea (from the west—which is normal). At those times the humidity drops drastically and a fine dust that permeates everything fills the air. These dry dusty events are called a hamsin, a sirocco, or a sharav.
- Jerusalem — Hamsin/Dust Storm — 10:30 AM 11 May 2007
Under these conditions the green grass rapidly turns brown and the wild flowers die.
“The grass withers and the flowers fall,
because the breath of the LORD blows on them.
Surely the people are grass.
The grass withers and the flowers fall,
but the word of our God stands forever.”
Isaiah 40:7–8 (NIV)
The positive effect of these winds is that the hot dry weather aids the ripening of the grains by “setting” them before the harvest. It is during this season that first the barley and then the wheat harvest take place.
The Zondervan Atlas of the Bible, pp. 30–31
- Jerusalem — “Normal Conditions” — 10:30 AM 14 May 2007
All the camera settings and filters were the same.
A similar transition takes place in September/October, but this is from the dry summer months to the wet winter months.
For more free, high–resolution images of a hamsin click Click Here.
People often will ask me “what is your favorite site in Turkey (or Israel, or Greece, or . . . .)?” I have so many favorites that it is a difficult question to answer, but in Turkey, Sagalassos is one of my top picks.
Sagalassos is a magnificent ancient city located about 80 mi. [130 km.] north of Antalya. It was one of the largest cities of the region/district of Pisidia. Continue reading
Absalom, David’s son who attempted to kill him (2 Samuel 15–18), was the “son of Maacah daughter of Talmai” who was the king of Geshur (2 Sam 3:3). It was to Geshur that Absalom fled after killing his half-brother, Amnon, who had raped his sister Tamar. (2 Samuel 13).
The city of Geshur, capital of the kingdom, is well–identified with the site of et–Tell that is located 1 mi. [1.5 km.] north of the Sea of Galilee, slightly to the east of the present course of the Jordan River. It is a large 22-acre [9 ha.] mound that has been excavated since 1987 by Rami Arav. Almost all of the structures of et–Tell were constructed of black basalt (volcanic) stone.
Shmuel Brown has a very interesting/informative post about the intrigues, via Iran, entitled “Introducing Fallow Deer” [to Israel]. This is an amazing story!
Photograph by Shmuel Browns
Shmuel Browns is an Israeli Tour Guide/Photographer and also has an online store, “Designed in Israel,” where Calendars, Cards, T-Shirts, and Tote Bags featuring his photography can be purchased.
In both ancient and modern times water was a precious commodity in the Middle East. Villages and cities were built near springs where possible, but in other cases wells were dug AND, from about 1200 B.C. to the present day, plastered cisterns collected the precious rainwater during the winter months.
Ancient Cistern at Ashqelon
Cisterns are cavities that are hewn out of the rock, or soil, and are lined with plaster so as to be able to store water. In the Middle East, the runoff from the winter rains filled them, and the stored water was used throughout the year.
In the cistern from Ashqelon, note the remnant of the small opening at the top, through which a container was lowered into the cistern to draw water.
Opening of a Cistern
Feeding trough found at Megiddo on the southern edge of the Jezreel Valley
The gospel of Luke contains specific details regarding Jesus’ birth in Bethlehem of Judea. One of the things mentioned in this narrative is that he was placed in a “manger” (Luke 2:7, 12, and 16).
So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, … and she gave birth to her firstborn, a son. She wrapped him in cloths and placed him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn. And there were shepherds … find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger … found Mary and Joseph, and the baby, who was lying in the manger.
The Greek word φαντη that is used here typically refers to a stone type trough that was used for feeding of animals—sometimes in the stalls within a dwelling.
This word is used once more in the Gospels (Luke 13:15) where it refers to a “stall” (NIV), actually a feeding trough, for a donkey—and it is clear from the context that this was within a house (Luke 13:10–17).
Reconstructed Feeding Trough and Pillars from OT Megiddo
The Lord answered him, “You hypocrites! Doesn’t each of you on the Sabbath untie his ox or donkey from the stall (φαντη; “manger“) and lead it out to give it water?
It appears that after the birth of Jesus, that he was actually placed in a feeding trough somewhat similar to the ones presented here if not ones that were carved into the stone floor of the “stable”—a far cry from the rickety wooden “mangers” of Christmas pageants.
For details on this topic see Kenneth E. Bailey Jesus Through Middle Eastern Eyes — Cultural Studies in the Gospels. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity, 2008, pp. 28–32 as well at the various Greek lexicons.
Just to the northeast of the modern city of Nablus is the small suburb of Askar (New Testament Sychar). It was in the vicinity of Sychar that Jesus met the Samaritan Woman at “Jacob’s Well” (John 4 and especially 4:12).
In 1860 the Greek Orthodox purchased the property and restored the crypt that included the famous 75 ft. deep well. Although the foundation and walls of a church were begun in the 20th century, the church was not completed until 2007.
View of the uncompleted interior of the Greek Orthodox Church in the 1970/s. The “outhouse-looking” structures are the entrance and exit to the subterranean well.
The image below is the current beautiful interior of the Greek Orthodox Church.
Interior of the Greek Orthodox Church — 21st Century — Click on Image to Enlarge and/or Download
In the image above note the iconostasis and especially the two staircases down to the well. Compare the current state of the church with its prior status pictured above!
View of the grotto and the well head that is located under the altar area of the Greek Orthodox Church (ca. 1934). — This picture is from the Matson Photograph Collection, Library of Congress, call number LC-M32-A[P&P].
Tradition has it, that this is the spot where Jesus, at mid-day, met the Samaritan woman who had come to draw water (John 4).
View looking down from Mt. Gerizim, where the Samaritan Temple was built, at the Greek Orthodox Church built over the site of “Jacob’s Well” (see John 4).