A beautiful second century A.D. statue of Hercules was found in the baths of Perge. The Boston Museum of Fine Arts returned the top portion of the statue to Turkey in September 2011. Prime Minister Mr. Recep Tayyip Erogan personally brought the important portion to Turkey himself. Portions of over 60 such statues are known and are called the “Hercules Farnese” (named after a famous Italian collection now housed in the Naples National Archaeological Museum). This is a Roman copy of a bronze original. Note the positioning of the head, arms, and legs, and especially the body muscles. The skin of conquered Nemean Lion flows down on his left side as it tumbles to the ground.
Below is THE Hercules Farnese that is displayed in the Naples National Archaeological Museum.
Below is a five (5) in. high image of a “Hercules Farnese” found at Pergamum and displayed in the museum in Bergama.
Heracles was the son of the god Zeus and a mortal Alcmene. Although originally a mortal, he eventually attained divine status and was widely worshiped throughout Greece. As punishment for killing six of his children he had to perform 12 “labors” (= very difficult tasks). The first of which was to kill the Nemean Lion. He wrestled with the lion, strangled it, and subsequently used its pelt as a cloak. (Nemea is a site in the Peloponnese region of Greece).