Suleiman the Magnificent was the most powerful ruler during the long period of the Ottoman Empire (ca. 1517–1917). He died in 1566 and was a contemporary of Luther (d. 1546) and Calvin (d. 1564) and was the builder of the walls of Jerusalem!
This structure was designed by the famous architect Sinan and was completed in 1566, the year that Suleiman the Magnificent died. Note the porch that surrounds this octagonal structure and the slender columns that support it.
Besides Suleiman’s cenotaph there are those of his daughter and two later sultans: Suleiman II and Ahmet II.
Looking at the walls, from bottom to top, note the Iznik tiles, the Arabic freeze, the marble paneling, and the colorful glass windows.
The “Suleymaniye” is a mosque complex that was built between 1550 and 1557 by the famous architect Sinan to honor and house the remains of Suleiman the Magnificent (ruled 1520 to 1566). The complex (Turkish külliye; ca 18 acres in size) consists of the famous mosque, schools, a hospital, a hospice, a “soup kitchen,” a Turkish bath, and the tombs (Türbe) of Suleiman, his wife Roxelana, the architect Sinan and others.