In the magnificent museum in Antalya Turkey there are many beautiful artifacts from sites such as Perge, Aspendos, Side, and others. Among them are many beautiful sarcophagi such as the following:
Sarcophagus from Perga in the Antalya Archaeological Museum — Click on Image to Enlarge and/or Download
Note the husband and wife on the lid of the sarcophagus and especially the erotic figures carefully carved on its side! Many of the sarcophagi are intricately carved like this one! While waiting to board our bus, I noticed a very plain sarcophagus near the parking lot.
Note the farmer plowing with two oxen — Click on Image to Enlarge and/or Download
I have seen a lot of sarcophagi in our travels but never one with this theme on it! Note the farmer plowing with two oxen and two roundels with (evidently) a husband and wife in each of them. Note especially the detail of the plow and the “ox goad” (1 Sam 13:21; Eccl 12:11; Acts 26:14) in the hand of the plower! It is almost refreshing to see such a mundane and common activity represented on a sarcophagus—but it is surprising, for how did a FARMER afford having a stone sarcophagus made??
Palestinian farmer plowing his vineyard — Click on Image to Enlarge and/or Download
This Palestinian farmer is plowing his vineyard with a plow very similar to the one on the sarcophagus above! This farmer is plowing in January to prevent weeds from growing. Also note the vines lying just above the ground.
A student learning how to plow at Neot Kedummim in Israel — Click on Image to Enlarge and/or Download
Most of the statuary from the classical times that grace the museums of the western world are Roman marble copies of bronze statues from earlier periods. Bronze statues are relatively rare because most of them were melted down (recycled) and the bronze was reused for industrial, agricultural, and/or military purposes! On a recent trip to Athens we (Mary and I) visited the Piraeus Archaeological Museum—one that I had never visited before (it is a bit difficult to get to, and the National Archaeological Museum of Athens and the newly opened Acropolis Museum, with their “world-class holdings” rightfully get top billing!).
However, upon entering the Piraeus Archaeological Museum I was very excited to see the four large bronze statues that were on display there.
Artemis “B” — Click on Image to Enlarge and/or Download
This bronze(!) statue of Artemis is smaller than life-size— 5 ft. 1 in. [1.55 m.] tall. In her right hand she held an offering bowl and in her left a bow (missing). It dates to about 200 B.C. The garment that she is wearing is called a peplos—the folds of which area clearly visible. Note the quiver on her back and her hairstyle (to view a detail of her quiver and her back Click Here).
Her weight is resting on her left foot and her right leg is slightly flexed. This statue, along with three others, was found in 1959 during building excavations in Piraeus. They were found as a group and although deposited at the same time, they were crafted at different periods. They were probably deposited in the first century B.C.
Artemis “A” — Click on Image to Enlarge and/or Download
This bronze(!) statue of Artemis dates to the fourth century B.C.! It is larger than life size— 6.4 ft. [1.94 m.] tall. In her right hand she held an offering bowl and in her left a bow (missing). It dates to the fourth century B.C. The garment that she is wearing is called a peplos—the folds of which area clearly visible. Even the marble and chestnut irises of her eyes are preserved!
Her weight is resting on her right foot and the left leg is flexed—in a contrapposto stance. The statue is attributed to the sculptor Euphranor.
To view (and/or download) additional images of these two statues Click Here.
Mark Wilson of the Asia Minor Research Center in Antalya Turkey comments that due to heavy rains the site of Miletus, including the grounds of the new museum and the 600 year old Ilyasbey Islamic Complex. This is due to the flooding of the Büyük Menderes River (the ancient Meander River).
The flooding of the South Agora
On the right (south) is the Ionic Stoa
The apostle Paul visited Miletus, modern Balat, at the end of his third missionary journey – about A.D. 57 (Acts 20:38). From there he summoned the elders from the church at Ephesus, 28 mi. [45 km.] distant (as the crow flies), and after speaking to them – this is the major speech recorded on his third journey – they had a tearful parting as Paul headed for Jerusalem where he would be taken prisoner. Miletus is also mentioned in 2 Timothy 4:20.
Ilyas Bey Islamic Complex = Mosque
At Miletus — Constructed 1404
Lion from the Bath of Faustina displayed on the grounds of the Museum at Miletus
To view, and/or download, 31 high resolution images of Miletus Click Here.
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