Tag Archives: France

What Happened in a Hippodrome/Circus — Part 1

On a recent trip to France, we visited the archaeological museum in Lyon, France (ancient Lugdunum).  Among the many wonderful archaeological objects on display in that modern, wonderful, museum was a mosaic from the second century A.D.

The Large Chariot Race mosaic from the second century A.D.  The central porton of the mosaic depicts nine chariots, each being pulled by four horses, running a race in a counterclockwise direction around the “spina.” Click on image to Enlarge and/or Download.

The second-century Roman Mosaic was discovered in Lugdunum (modern Lyon) in 1806. On it, the details of a chariot race in the circus, or hippodrome, of Lugdunum is depicted. It is 16 feet long and 9 feet wide.

The mosaic is surrounded by a floral design, inside of which is a guilloche pattern, and inside of that the arena of the circus where 9 chariots are racing. No seating of the circus is represented and indeed the circus of Lugdunum originally had wooden seats that were destroyed by fire.

On the left side of the image the starting stalls are represented. The central porton of the mosaic depicts nine chariots, each being pulled by four horses, running a race in a counterclockwise direction around the “spina.” The spina is composed of two rectangular pools in which there was water.  In the lower left and upper right of the mosaic two chariot crashes are represented!

View of the eight (maybe nine?) starting stalls that are on the left side of the mosaic.  Click on image to Enlarge and/or Download.

Above the center “stall” are thee sponsors of the games. The chief sponsor, in the middle, can be seen dropping a cloth to start the race.  To the left of the three officials—from our perspective—is a man dressed in blue manipulating a lever that will open (at the same time) the gates to the eight stalls from which the chariots, pulled by their four horses, emerged.

Below the three sponsors is a man, standing erect and again in blue, who seems to be supervising the contest.  Above the three sponsors is a large vase from which the plants that surround the mosaic spring forth.

More on the mosaic in the next post.

Paul in Spain! September Tour

My friend, and Pauline scholar, Dr. Mark Wilson will be leading “once in a lifetime” tour “To the End of the Earth: Paul’s Journey to Spain” — to Spain and France: September 15–29, 2019.

Paul in Spain? At the close of his letter to the Romans he mentions twice his plan to visit Spain (15:24, 28). Pauline scholars note that there is a gap in the chronology of his life in the early 60s. At this time he might have visited Spain, for there are strong church traditions indicating he did so. Clement and the Muratorian Canon as well as Chrysostom and Jerome assume that Paul fulfilled his intention. Paul’s journey by land would have taken him through southern Gaul along the Via Domitia. In France we will visit the UNESCO World Heritage sites at Lyon, Orange, Arles, and Pont du Gard. In Spain the Via Augusta followed the Mediterranean coastline to its terminus at the “end of the earth” — Gades. In Spain we will visit the UNESCO sites at Tarraco, Cordoba, and Merida. At Italica we will see the birthplace of the emperors Trajan and Hadrian. Our itinerary includes many of the best-preserved Roman sites in the world, cities that Paul would have seen during his journey to Spain.

Mary and I are looking forward to participating in this unique experience.  See the following for a brochure:   BAS-FRANCE-SPAIN-2019

This trip is offered by Tutku Tours and is endorsed by the Biblical Archaeological Society.

You can contact Tutku Tours HERE for details.