Perga is mentioned twice in the New Testament in connection with Paul’s First Missionary Journey. I like to visit the site for many additional reasons for it is a place where one can get a real feel for what a large Greco-Roman city was like—without all of the crowds, think of the crowds typically visiting Ephesus.
One of the famous people of Perga was Plancia Magna, who lived after the days of Paul and who was a great benefactress of the city. The guide books said that her tomb was located just south of the south city wall. During my visits to the city, I had never really spotted anything that looked like her tomb.
When we visited the site in May of 2019, new excavations were underway in that area and the foundation of the Tomb of Plancia Magna was on full display!
Note the finely chiseled four-tiered base (crepidoma) that the “tomb” stands on. On top of this, between the two projecting walls (antae) are three additional stairs that lead up to where the tomb itself stood. The “tomb” almost looks like a small temple. It stands to the south of the southern gate complex of Perga.
Plancia Magna was the daughter of the proconsul of Bithynia. She dedicated her life and her wealth to the beautification of the city [of Perge], undertaking large remodeling projects during Hadrian’s reign [A.D. 117-138]. She was “elevated to the rank of tutelary divinity of the city.”
Note the four-tiered base (crepidoma) that the “tomb” stands on. On top of this, the well-chiseled base of the tomb stands upon. The “tomb” almost looks like a small temple. It stands to the south of the southern gate complex of Perga.
I am not certain why there is still “dirt” on one of the crepidoma. The rough stones on the top of the platform were probably covered with marble—that has been since stripped off.
`Plancia Magna was the daughter of the proconsul of Bithynia. She dedicated her life and her wealth to the beautification of the city [of Perge], undertaking large remodeling projects during Hadrian’s reign [A.D. 117-138]. She was “elevated to the rank of tutelary divinity of the city.”
Note that she is wearing TWO garments. Below her knees and partially covering her feet, the vertical folds of her inner chiton are visible. The chiton was the most common Greek/Roman garments. The outer garment, that is wrapped around her head, shoulders, and arms, and that hangs down to her knees, is a himation. On the top of her head are the remains of a priestly diadem – indicating that she functioned as a priestess of the imperial cult!
Perga is located 8 mi. [13 km.] north of the Mediterranean coast of Turkey — about 10.6 mi. [17 km.] northeast of Antalya. It is situated on the large fertile plain of Pamphylia just west of the Cestrus river (modern Aksu river). In New Testament times ships were able to sail up the Cestrus to a point near Perge.
On Paul’s first missionary journey, Paul, Barnabas, and John Mark sailed 175 mi. [280 km.] from Paphos on Cyprus to Perge. Here John Mark left the “team” while Paul and Barnabas walked 155 miles [246 km.] inland through the Taurus mountains to Pisidian Antioch (Acts 13:13–14). After having completed their work in Pisidian Antioch, Iconium, Lystra, and Derbe, Paul and Barnabas returned to Perge, where they preached (14:25), before departing from nearby Attalia (Antalya) for Antioch on the Orontes.