On Friday, 14 April, the National Geographic Channel will air (10:00 PM EDT) a one hour special on the recent (November 2016) discoveries at one of the traditional sites of the burial of Jesus. I have waited for years for this—I hope it will not disappoint!
This structure is the most recent of a series of structures, from the time of Constantine (ca. A.D. 335) that have enshrined the tomb of Jesus. It was constructed after the great fire of 1808 and was completed in 1810.
In the lower left portion of the image the canopy over the Coptic chapel is visible, this is on the back (west) side of the structure. Above, and to the right of center, is the entrance into the Greek Orthodox Catholicon. The entrance to the two rooms of the tomb is from upper right moving to left (not visible in this image).
Note the iron casing that was put in place during the days of the British Mandate to prevent the structure from collapsing.
According to tradition, Jesus’ head was placed where the vase with five candles is located. I expect that the National Geographic Channel presentation will show the “uncovering” of this bench—among other “goodies!”
The Church of the Holy Sepulcher, called the Church of the Resurrection by the Greek Orthodox, is the most sacred space in Christendom.
The New Testament gospels indicate that Jesus was crucified outside of the walls of Jerusalem and then was buried in a garden nearby. This church houses the site of the crucifixion and that of the tomb of Jesus.
This area was venerated by Christians in the first century A.D. However, the Roman emperor Hadrian (A.D. 117–138) turned it into a place of pagan worship.
This area was “rediscovered” and cleared when Constantine’s mother, Helena, visited Jerusalem in A.D. 326. By A.D. 335 a Christian Church was built over the area. Although destroyed by the Persians in A.D. 614 — it was rebuilt. In A.D. 1009 it was again destroyed by Hakim. The crusaders rebuilt the church and the basic structure that one enters today, basically follows the plan of the Crusader church.