Very few tour groups have a chance to visit Tarsus and if they do, they typically visit only the excavations in the center of town (see previous post) and the associated “Well of St. Paul“). However, there is a very very massive building that is hard to locate and is situated on the edges of residential and industrial neighborhoods. It is called the “Donuktash” (Turkish for “frozen stones”). The foundation seems to be composed of a hardened conglomerate of medium size pebbles.This mysterious and massive structure is apparently the foundation of a large, second century A.D., Roman Temple. The exterior core of the temple remains, as do some significant interior foundations—for the marble and stone facing have been stripped away during the centuries.
The exterior walls are visible on the right (west) and left (east) sides of the image. In the far center is a massive foundation upon which the central building (cella) of the temple probably stood. Even though this picture was not taken from the extreme north end of the Donuktash, it does give some perspective to its size—335 ft. [102 m.] long. The whole structure awaits excavation.
The Donuktash may have been an Imperial Temple dedicated to the Roman Emperor Commodus (A.D. 177–192).
To view additional images of the Donuktash Click Here.
When we visited the site the gate was locked (it always is) and it seemed impossible to find a way in. I thought to myself that there was no way to keep out the local children, so I asked our guide to ask the neighbor “how to the kids get in?” Well, the answer was, “there is a ladder around the back!” So, we climbed the latter to examine the interior! (remember the walls are 15 ft. high!)