In two previous posts I described and posted images of the beautiful chapel and the first century synagogue at Magdala. Besides these two structures a number of others have been discovered including an “Elite House” (=mansion) that contains three(!) ritual baths, a mosaic floor, etc.
In the center of the image is a doorway and below it to the left are hewn steps that lead down into a miqveh (ritual bath). The thickness of the walls indicates that there was more than one story to the house. There is a mosaic under the permanent covering—that is still covered for protection. Because of the ritual baths found in the house, it seems that wealthy/religious Jews that lived there.
Hewn stairs lead down into the water. The bath still contains water—actually a spring in the area still supplies the bath with water.
Between the synagogue and the mansion an extensive Market Area has been excavated.
In the shops, pottery, woven goods, and fresh produce were sold. In several of the shops there were plastered pools designed to hold fresh fish. These pools had access to fresh underground water.
In addition, what is being called a “port,” was excavated—although the remains are not too impressive.
Finally, to the northwest is a very large freshwater pool called En Nun.
This pool collects water from the springs that are located to the west of it. It was apparently used for irrigation as far back as the Roman (= New Testament) Period. It is possible that water was used in the fields north of Magdala. Or, maybe it was used by another city that was located to the north of Magdala (Dalmanutha?? Mark 8:10).