Some of the readers of this blog are familiar with the 1,760 ft. long “Hezekiah’s Tunnel” that brought water from the Gihon Spring to the Pool of Siloam in Jerusalem. At the southern end of this tunnel a Hebrew Inscription was found on which it describes how the two gangs of workmen began at each end and worked towards the center. The tunnel was built in the late 8th century B.C.
Not so well-known is the very similar Tunnel of Eupalinos that brought water to the ancient city of Samos (now called Pythagorio). This tunnel was about 3,280 ft. [1,000 m.] long and was carved into solid rock by two groups of workmen—one group beginning at each end and meeting near the middle. It was completed during the rule of Polycrates around 524 B.C.
The image above is of the interior to the Tunnel of Eupalinos that brought water to the ancient city of Samos (now called Pythagorio). The outline of the rock-hewn tunnel is very clear in this image. The woman in the picture is 5′ 2″ [1.57 m.] tall.
The area in which she is standing was actually a “service area” that was used by workmen to maintain the tunnel. The metal grating behind her, on the left side of the image, covers the deep channel in which the water actually flowed—in clay pipes.
For additional images of the Island of Samos Click Here.
Besides the informative comments on how the tunnel may have been constructed, see also the 15 minute animated video below.